How do you explain a chargeback?
A chargeback – also called a “reversal” – is the return of credit card funds used to make a purchase to the buyer. A chargeback can occur if a consumer disputes a purchase made using their credit card, claiming that it was fraudulent or made without their knowledge or permission.
- The chargeback reason code.
- The amount you are contesting in dollars.
- A summary of your evidence and how it demonstrates the legitimacy of the original transaction.
A chargeback is the payment amount that is returned to a debit or credit card, after a customer disputes the transaction or simply returns the purchased item. The chargeback process can be initiated by either the merchant or the cardholder's issuing bank.
What is another word for chargeback?
What's the difference between chargebacks and refunds? Chargebacks are bank-initiated transaction reversals that withdraw funds deposited into your business's bank account and return them to the cardholder. Refunds are merchant-led, voluntary repayments to the customer.
For merchants who have lost their chargeback dispute during any of the three cycles, or decided not to contest the chargeback, they are out the money from the sale, the product sold, plus any fees incurred. Once a merchant loses a chargeback, the dispute is closed and they can't petition any further.
20 All merchants report winning 40 percent of disputed chargebacks on average. The true win rate average is actually 22 percent (56 percent average of fraud-related chargebacks disputed multiplied by 40 percent average win rate); however, the 27 percent average looks at the metrics on a merchant-by-merchant basis.
You have two options when responding to a dispute: accept or challenge. If you accept the dispute, you agree that the reason given for the dispute is valid. This ends the process. If you challenge the dispute, you will need to submit evidence which shows that the reason given for the dispute is invalid.
- Follow payment processing protocols.
- Use a recognizable merchant descriptor.
- Offer available and helpful customer service.
- Use effective fraud prevention.
- Maintain complete records for representment.
How Long Does the Chargeback Process Take? Depending on the reason code, issuing bank, and credit card network, the entire process usually takes around 30-90 days. Cases that go to arbitration will take longer.
Can a chargeback be denied?
Can a Chargeback Be Denied? Yes. If the cardholder doesn't make a compelling enough case to their bank, or doesn't have a valid reason for filing a chargeback, the bank may refuse to open a dispute. Merchants can also provide evidence refuting a chargeback.
When a chargeback happens, the disputed funds are held from the business until the card issuer works things out and decides what to do. If the bank rules against you, those funds are returned to the cardholder. If the bank rules in your favor, they'll send the disputed funds back to you.
You can cancel a chargeback by contacting the bank or payment provider through their website or by phone — generally, they can be canceled in the same way they were initiated. If a refund is desired, the chargeback/dispute should be canceled and a refund requested instead.
Chargebacks are easy to initiate and are often successful, but they don't cover all scenarios. Chargebacks are designed as a last resort; the first step should generally be to try to resolve the issue with the merchant directly.
The chargeback process lets you ask your bank to refund a payment on your debit card when a purchase has gone wrong. You should contact the seller first, as you cannot start a chargeback claim unless you have done this. Then, if you can't resolve the issue, get in touch with your bank.
When a customer decides to dispute a charge made to their debit or credit card, it is referred to as a chargeback. The chargeback initially results in the debit or credit card charge being reversed and the funds that you received for the payment being returned to the customer.
What's the Time Limit for Filing a Chargeback? Each card network and issuing bank sets its own time limits for filing a chargeback. However, the legal minimum time limit for filing a chargeback in the United States is 60 days, and most banks give cardholders 120 days to dispute a charge.
A return item chargeback is simply a fee for a check that has been rejected. Specifically, it's a fee charged by a bank to a customer who deposits a bad check. This fee is also sometimes called a deposited item returned fee.
The bank initiates a payment fraud investigation, gathering information about the transaction from the cardholder. They review pertinent details, such as whether the charge was a card-present or card-not-present transaction. The bank also examines whether the charge fits the cardholder's usual purchasing habits.
Falsely disputing a credit card charge, accompanied with intent to cause trouble, can result in fines, court fees, time in court, and perhaps even a jail term, as this would be committing a type of fraud. Filing a false dispute is a breach of trust between the card issuer and cardholder.
Can a chargeback be reopened?
A chargeback can be reversed if the merchant can provide a compelling dispute package to the issuing bank to show that the transaction was legitimate.
A chargeback does not usually affect your credit. The act of filing a chargeback because of a legitimate cause for complaint against a business won't affect your credit score. The issuer may add a dispute notation to your credit report, but such a notation does not have a negative effect on your credit.
The customer wins
If both the merchant's acquiring bank and card association approve the merchant's chargeback dispute representment, the issuing bank will reclaim the funds from the cardholder. However, in some cases the cardholder has one final option to attempt to seek a refund: arbitration.
30% of chargebacks are from purchases made with a stolen credit card. Only around 60% of merchants dispute their chargebacks. Merchants have a chargeback win rate around 21%.
When a dispute becomes a chargeback, the merchant is held liable by default. That means that if the merchant wants to fight the chargeback and get their money back, they have to provide evidence that the charge was legitimate and the customer's claims are false.